Who was George BOYLE?
The only clues we had to start with were from the birth and marriage certificates of his daughter Elizabeth Mary BOYLE:
In fact, Elizabeth Mary BOYLE’s birth certificate is the only reference that we have to the name George BOYLE, as on her marriage certificate she is now called CUMMINGS and gives her father’s name as George CUMMINGS:
All this tells us about George BOYLE are the address where his daughter Elizabeth Mary was born, 133 Mann Street, Toxteth Park and his occupation, a carter. So far, we have had no success in finding a marriage for an Ann (Jane) CUMMINGS to a George BOYLE.
Our next step was to search for George in the censuses, although without knowing his date of birth, the prospects of finding him didn’t look that good so we were hoping that we’d find them together as a family but unfortunately, we were out of luck. The only George BOYLE in the 1881 census that looked like a potential lead was a seaman on the ship “Bacchante” in South Africa. He was, however, born in Manchester and according to his Navy service papers he enlisted in May 1873 so it didn’t look like a promising lead.
As for Ann, it appears that she was boarding with a George THRELFALL in Clive Street, Toxteth Park:
1881 Census (5 court, 8 house Clive St, Toxteth Park, Liverpool)
George THRELFALL, head, mar, 40, plasterer’s lab, b. Liverpool
George CAVANAGH, boarder, unm, 44, house painter, b. Liverpool
Ann J. BOYLE, boarder, mar, 27, charwoman, b. Scotland
*Agnes A. BOYLE, dau of Ann Boyle, 1 month, b. Liverpool
* Her name on her birth certificate is Agnes Ann THRELFALL, daughter of George THRELFALL and Ann Jane THRELFALL, formerly BOYLE. The address is the same as the 1881 census: 5 court, Clive Street, Toxteth Park, Liverpool. Agnes died two years later of pertussis (whooping cough).
In the next census, it seems that Ann was now calling herself THRELFALL, was a widow and had two more children:
1891 Census (60 Beaumaris St, Litherland, Liverpool)
John THOMPSON, head, mar, 41, stableman livery, b. Yorkshire, Skipton
Mary THOMPSON, wife, mar, 40, b. Lancashire, Liverpool
Ann J THRELFALL, lodger, wid, 35, laundress, b. Scotland
* Georgina THRELFALL, lodger, 9, scholar, b. Lancashire, Liverpool
** Winifred THRELFALL, lodger, 2, b. Lancashire, Seaforth
* Although George THRELFALL is named as the father on Georgina’s birth certificate, as far as we can tell, George and Ann were not married. And no father is given on Winifred’s birth certificate. The address on her birth certificate is the same as her sister Agnes’ above; 5 court, Clive Street, Toxteth Park, Liverpool. In 1901, she is staying with her grandfather Andrew CUMMINGS in Seaforth. Georgina married Joseph COUGHLIN in 1903.
** Winifred’s birth certificate tells us that she was born at Walton workhouse. No father is listed and her mother is Ann Jane THRELFALL, laundress of Litherland, a resident at the workhouse.
Looking at a contemporary map of the Toxteth Park area, one can see that Clive Street is only a few streets away from Mann Street, where our Elizabeth Mary BOYLE was born.
Not only that, it is also just across the road from Wolfe Street, where I found another family of BOYLEs who were carters:
1881 Census (76 Wolfe St, Toxteth Park, Liverpool)
Charles BOYLE, head, mar, 29, CARTER, b. Dublin, Ireland
Sarah BOYLE, wife, mar, 29, housewife, b. Liverpool.
Robert BOYLE, son, 8, scholar, b. Liverpool
Charles BOYLE, son, 6, scholar, b. Liverpool
Henry BOYLE, son, 1, b. Liverpool
William J BOYLE, brother, unm, 18, CARTER, b. Liverpool
Henry RIGBY, brother, mar, 22, CARTER, b. Liverpool
Catherine RIGBY, brother’s wife, mar, 22, b. Liverpool
It seemed too much of a coincidence to me that there was a family of BOYLEs who were carters living a couple of streets away from where our George and Ann were living, so despite there being no George in this family, I tried to find out a bit more about them. It didn’t sound right that Henry RIGBY was Charles BOYLE’s brother, it was more likely that he was his wife Sarah’s brother, suggesting that Charles married a Sarah RIGBY. I confirmed this by finding their marriage on lancashirebmd.org.uk:
Charles P. BOYLE married Sarah RIGBY in 1870 (Liverpool, St Peter)
Going back to 1871, there’s another BOYLE family in Grafton St, just around the corner from Mann St, and there is a George here aged 14 but no-one working as a carter:
1871 Census (51 Grafton St, Toxteth Park, Liverpool)
Charles BOYLE, head, mar, 64, shoemaker, b. Ireland
Mary BOYLE, wife, mar, 44, b. Ireland
Charles P. BOYLE, son, mar, 19, labourer, b. Ireland
* George BOYLE, son, unm, 14, labourer, b. Monmouthshire, Wales
William J BOYLE, son, unm, 9, scholar, b. Liverpool
So these two BOYLE families are related through Charles P. BOYLE, which means that we have a link between the George BOYLE age 14, born in Monmouthshire, and the BOYLEs who are carters. For me, this makes him a more likely candidate for our George BOYLE than the one we found serving in the Navy, born in Manchester.
Now that we have some idea as to when and where he was born, we can start looking for him in the censuses:
1861 Census (52 Northumberland St, Toxteth Park, Liverpool)
Charles BOYD, head, mar, 56, shoemaker, b. Ireland
Mary BOYD, wife, mar, 34, b. Ireland
Ellen BOYD, dau, 13, scholar, b. Ireland
Mary BOYD, dau, 11, scholar, b. Ireland
Charles P. BOYD, son, 9, scholar, b. Ireland
* George BOYD, son, 5, scholar, b. South Wales, Newport
Sophia BOYD, dau, 2, b. Ireland
Margaret BOYD, dau, 1 month, b. Lancashire, Liverpool
1891 Census (28 Nestor St, Toxteth Park, Liverpool)
* George BOYLE, head, mar, 34, gas stoker, b. Newport, Mon.
Ellen Maud BOYLE, wife, mar, 24, b. Liverpool.
George Henry BOYLE, son, 6, scholar, b. Liverpool
Charles BOYLE, son, 4, scholar, b. Liverpool
Eliz Maud BOYLE, dau, 2, b. Liverpool
Laura BOYLE, dau, 1 month, b. Liverpool
1901 Census (33 Cleopas St, Toxteth Park, Liverpool)
* George BOYLE, head, mar, 44, gas stoker, b. Mon. Newport
Ellen BOYLE, wife, mar, 34, b. Lanc. Liverpool.
George Henry BOYLE, son, single, 16, ship steward, b. Lanc. Liverpool
Charles BOYLE, son, 14, scholar, b. Lanc. Liverpool
Maud BOYLE, dau, 12, b. Lanc. Liverpool
Albert BOYLE, son, 6, b. Lanc. Liverpool
Aderlaide BOYLE, dau, 4, b. Lanc. Liverpool
Nelly BOYLE, dau, 2, b. Lanc. Liverpool
Norman BOYLE, son, 3 months, b. Lanc. Liverpool
1911 Census (19 Cleopas St, Toxteth Park, Liverpool)
* George BOYLE, head, mar, 55, gas stoker, b. Newport, Wales
Ellen BOYLE, wife, mar, 45, b. Liverpool, Lan
Adelaide BOYLE, dau, 15, b. Liverpool, Lan
Nelly BOYLE, dau, 12, b. Liverpool, Lan
Norman BOYLE, son, 10, b. Liverpool, Lan
James BOYLE, son, 8, b. Liverpool, Lan
Margaret BOYLE, dau, 5, b. Liverpool, Lan
Laura BOYLE, dau, 2, b. Liverpool, Lan
Their marriage certificate shows that George BOYLE and Ellen Maud GILBERT married at All Saints, Liverpool in 1884; he was a 28 year old bachelor and his father was Charles BOYLE, overlooker.
One important piece of the puzzle that was still missing was George’s location in the 1881 census – that was until Pat Gregory’s determined efforts came up with the answer: he was serving in the Army overseas. Pat had found his Army Attestation papers and the information they contained proved that it was the same George that we were looking for: His birthplace was given as Newport, Monmouth, his occupation was a carter and there was also a reference to his marriage to Ellen Maud GILBERT. Details were also given as to where he had been posted.
George signed up in Liverpool on the 20th March 1877 for 12 years of service in the 13th Brigade of the 8th (King’s Regiment) of Foot, later being transferred to the 25th Brigade of the 24th (2nd Warwickshire) Regiment of Foot. According to the papers, George was 20 years of age and described as being 5 feet seven and a half inches tall with a fresh complexion, blue eyes and brown hair. In 1881, his regiment was serving in Secunderabad, India.
To date, we don’t have a birth certificate for George and although it remains to be proven beyond all doubt, I believe from the evidence we have that it’s the George BOYLE, born in Newport, Monmouth who is the father of my great-grandmother Elizabeth Mary BOYLE/CUMMINGS.